Arrival in Melbourne
Here to Return to Home Page
The celebrated clipper ship KENT
Class accommodations are of a very superior character and include every
requirement that can be demanded by families and single gentlemen. In second
and third class the cabins are spacious, lofty and well ventilated; and
scale of diet comprises a liberal supply of the best provisions.
been engaged to wait upon second class passengers. Carries an
The Kent was the first of
the Blackwall Frigates purpose built for the Melbourne trade. Writing in
The Age at a later
Clarke Russel recalled her as "an Indiaman lying in the downs, her
ports burnished like gold, her teak and brass burnished like gold
the sun; the quarter and stern windows winking in the light and her
spread of rigging fix themselves in the memory of everyone who admires
demise of the East India Company, those who ran the ships to India had to find an
alternate trade. It was natural that some would turn the
migration of the
1850's to the Victorian gold rush. Some East India were ships were
built to simulate Her Majesty's Frigates as a subterfuge to deter
pirates and privateers. The Kent was one of these
built in 1852 of oak by the Money Wigram's company at Blackwall, and
186 feet, with a beam of 33 feet and a draught of 20 feet and displaced
tons of water. She had a full bow with no sheer and carried over
the side two
wide channels. Her main mast was 130 feet and the yards were banded at
three feet. She carried sails over the royals with four reef
included a flying outstretched jib boom. She sported quarter
stern windows. Painted black on top and white under with a stumpy
contributed to the Navy appearance.
The Kent had a crew of
about sixty and ten midshipmen. Everything was done in the finest
manner and to
proper discipline. On hoisting the topsail passengers would
join with the crew in tailing to the halyards.
she brought migrants out she carried gold home which was concealed in a
vault under the master's cabin, and on one voyage carried over half a
pounds worth. She was described as "the armed clipper ship, Kent".
The Kent was armed with
three guns; one long gun and two carronades.
passage cost 80 guineas. Usually the fare would vary, depending on how
filled up, but the Kent was so popular
that the prices kept high. Passengers provided their own bedding,
soap. Drinks were free, champagne on Thursday and Sunday when dinner
finish with plum duff with plenty of brandy.
The "KENT" sounds too good to be true. Sailing in the 1800's and
before was not for the light hearted.
"What were the thoughts of the 228 passengers on board the immigrant
ship Argyle as it sailed up Port Phillip Bay on 12th April 1841?
After more than five months at sea, in a ship of 650 tons which had
left Liverpool in wintry November, the uppermost feeling was surely
relief that the voyage had come to an end, mixed with hopes and fears
of the new life ahead." (IRISH FORTUNES by Gladys Clarke)
What made these and others travel such a huge distance between England
and Melbourne, Australia. Bad weather or fine, the passengers
suffered the indignity of cramped quarters in vessels approximately
120ft long by 35ft wide (Kent 186 by 33ft).
A quite distinct difference seems to exist between the Irish settlers
of the Clarke's and of the Pascoe's. The Irish lived in the
midst of poverty and sickness, whilst mining in Cornwall's west saw
During the early journeys to a new home many perished. The
expectancy of a new beginning must have been severely tempered by the
losses of family and friends.
The sailing ship "Southern Ocean" also played a part in transporting
the Pascoe family members to Melbourne. Sarah (Sally) Pascoe (nee
Kinsman) arrived in Melbourne in 1868. She followed her husband
Martin Prist who made the journey on the "Kent" the previous year.
Here to Return to Home Page